By 1700, the population of Cape Cod Native American tribes had been decimated. New diseases brought to America by the early settlers created killing epidemics. The King Phillips War (1675-1676) or sometimes called the first Indian war brought even more death and destruction. A small Wampanoag tribe referred to as 'praying Indians' were the Nausets. They did not join in with the first war and maintained good relations with the English, prompting Indians from across the Cape to travel east to the peaceful Nausets. They lived within a large area, which at that time was called Eastham. Today that land is divided into Orleans, Eastham and Wellfleet.
Before the first Indian war, many of the Native Americans had already been converted to Christianity. In 1672 the Reverend Samuel Treat was asked to instruct and convert the general population of Eastham and did so until his death in 1716. He was known to preach with hell-fire and damnation but a good man. The Reverend made every effort to reach the Indians within their own culture, even translating the Confession of Faith into the Nauset language. Successful in his mission of Christianizing many Indians, most respected him even if they did not convert.
Just past the Orleans rotary and driving on Route 6 is the Cove Burying Ground where Reverend Samuel Treat is buried. It's on the right if you're heading east and his grave is to the left under the cedar trees.
In reference to Reverend Treat:
"His voice was so loud that it could be heard at a great distance from the meeting house even admidst the shrieks of women and the winds that howled over the plains of Nauset."
The Thoreau Reader-annotated works of Henry David Thoreau
Reverend Treat died of a stroke of palsy after a memorable storm known as the Great Snow. The Indians wanted to show their respect. The story is recalled by Thoreau.
"...the storm left the ground around the house bare but heaped up the snow in the wood to uncommon height. Through this an arched way was dug by which the Indians bore his body to the grave."
In my novel THE OLD CAPE HOUSE, I used Reverend Treat's name and character to preside over the trial of mythical Maria Hallett in December 1715. As I crafted my story, I manipulated the date of the trial to coincide with his factual death. Maria is accused of fornication and murder. I gave the Reverend a cold, thus delivering an unfavorable verdict for Maria because he's not feeling well and on the verge of pneumonia. I assumed he never fully recovered from this winter ailment, given the lack of modern medicine and difficult living conditions. He died within 4 months of the trial on March 18, 1716.